A callus is an area of hard, thickened skin that form due to pressure and friction and is the body’s way of making itself tougher. With feet enduring 6-8 times a person’s body weight with each step it’s no surprise calluses commonly occur on feet. Calluses can cause pain and discomfort and if left untreated, can develop into corns. This condition is very easily treated by a podiatrist.

How Do I Know If I Have A Callus?

A callus is a hardened, rough area of the skin. A callus will generally be quite thick  and often yellow in colour. It will also generally feel less sensitive to touch than the surrounding skin.

Common Areas Calluses Occur On The Foot

As previously mentioned, calluses can occur anywhere there is excessive pressure or there is rubbing that causes friction on the skin. As a consequence, they frequently appear on the ball of the foot or heel.

Other Causes

Patients that participate in activities where there is repeated pressure on the foot are more prone to callus formation. Athletes or people that play sport are particularly susceptible to having calluses form on their feet. Calluses may also form from dry skin and older patients also tend to present with callus formation due to a loss of fatty tissues present in the skin which is a consequence of ageing. Ill-fitting footwear which causes excessive pressure or friction on the feet, especially the toes can also cause callus formation.

Callus Treatment

If you believe that you have a callus on your foot, you should see a podiatrist for advice on treating the condition. A podiatrist can treat the callus in the form of sharps debridement which is painless and can bring immediate relief to any pain and discomfort experienced. A podiatrist will also be able to provide guidance on managing the condition and in some instances prescribe foot orthotics and footwear advice where appropriate.

Preventing Calluses

Practicing healthy foot hygiene will go a long way to helping prevent this and many other conditions. With respect to callus formation, preventing the formation of hard, dry skin is essential. This can be achieved in a number of ways;

– Properly dry your feet after getting them wet

– Apply moisturising foot cream

– Use a pumice stone to gently remove hardened skin

– Wear comfortable, proper fitting footwear

For further information on calluses and how to best treat this condition, book an appointment with one of our podiatrists or call 03 9939 1012.